Health Information Practices
Medical West, an affiliate of the UAB Health System
Notice of Health Information Practices
Effective Date: August 11, 2011
THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED.
WHO WILL FOLLOW THIS NOTICE
This notice describes the health information practices of Medical West (hereinafter also referred to as “MW”), and its entities, sites and locations. All will follow the terms of this notice. In addition, these entities, sites and locations may share medical information with each other for treatment, payment or hospital operations purposes described in this notice.
OUR PLEDGE REGARDING MEDICAL INFORMATION
We understand that medical information about you and your health is personal. We are committed to protecting medical information about you. We create a record of the care and services you receive at MW. We need this record to provide you with quality care and to comply with certain legal requirements. This notice applies to all of the records of your care generated by MW, whether made by hospital/clinic personnel or your personal doctor. This notice will tell you about the ways in which we use and disclose medical information about you. We also describe your rights and certain obligations we have regarding the use and disclosure of medical information. We are required by law to:
- make sure that medical information that identifies you is kept private;
- give you this notice of our legal duties and privacy practices with respect to medical information about you;
- follow the terms of the notice that is currently in effect.
HOW WE MAY USE AND DISCLOSE MEDICAL INFORMATION
The following categories describe different ways that we use and disclose medical information. Not every use or disclosure in a category will be listed. However, all of the ways we are permitted to use and disclose information will fall within one of the categories.
- For Treatment and Treatment Alternatives. We may use medical information about you to provide you with medical treatment or services. We may disclose medical information about you to doctors, nurses, technicians, medical residents or students, or other MW personnel or people outside our facility who are involved in taking care of you. For example, a doctor treating you for a broken leg may need to know if you have diabetes because diabetes may slow the healing process. In addition, the doctor may need to tell the dietitian if you have diabetes so that we can arrange for appropriate meals. Different departments of MW may share medical information about you in order to coordinate the different things you need, such as prescriptions, lab work and x-rays. We also may disclose medical information about you to people outside MW who may be involved in your medical care after you leave, such as your local physician, family members, clergy or others we use to provide services that are a part of your care. We may use and disclose your medical information to tell you about or recommend possible treatment options or alternatives that may be of interest to you.
- For Payment. We may use and disclose medical information about you so that treatment and services you receive through MW may be billed to and payment may be collected from you, an insurance company or a third party. For example, we may need to give your health plan information about surgery you received at MW so that your health plan will pay us or reimburse you for the surgery. We may also tell your health plan about a treatment you are going to receive to obtain prior approval or to determine whether your plan will cover treatment.
- For Routine Health Care Operations. We may use and disclose medical information about you for MW routine operations. These uses and disclosures are necessary to run MW and make sure that all of our patients receive quality care. For example, we may use medical information to review our treatment and services and to evaluate the performance of our staff in caring for you. We may also combine medical information about other MW patients to decide what additional services MW should offer, what services are not needed, and whether certain new treatments are effective. We may also disclose information to doctors, nurses, technicians, medical residents and students, and MW personnel for review and learning purposes. We may also combine medical information we have with medical information from other entities to compare how we are doing and see where we can make improvements in the care and services we offer. We may remove information that identifies you from this set of medical information so others may use it to study health care and health care delivery without learning who the specificpatients are.
- Individuals Involved in Your Care or Payment for Your Care. We may release medical information about you to a friend or family member who is involved in your medical care. We may also give information to someone who helps pay for your care. We may also tell family or friends your condition and that you are in the hospital. In addition, we may disclose medical information about you to an entity assisting in a disaster relief effort so that your family can be notified about your condition, status and location.
- Appointment Reminders and Health-Related Benefits and Services. We may use and disclose medical information to contact you as a reminder that you have an appointment for treatment or medical care at MW. We may use and disclose medical information to tell you about health-related benefits or services that may be of interest to you.
- Research. Under certain circumstances, we may use and disclose medical information about you to researchers when their clinical research has been approved by MW's Institutional Review Board. While most clinical research studies require specific patient consent, there are some instances where patient authorization is not required. For example, a research project may involve comparing the health and recovery of all patients who received one medication to those who received another, for the same condition. This would be done through a retrospective record review with no patient contact. The Institutional Review Board reviews the research proposal to make certain that the proposal has established protocols to protect the privacy of your health information.
- Fundraising Activities. We may use medical information about you to contact you in an effort to raise money for MW. We may disclose medical information to a foundation related to MW so that the foundation may contact you in raising money for MW. We only would release contact information, such as your name, address and phone number and the dates you received treatment or services at MW. If you do not want MW to contact you for fundraising efforts, you must notify the Medical West Privacy Officer in writing at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022.
- Certain Marketing Activities. MW may use medical information about you to forward promotional gifts of nominal value, to communicate with you about services offered by MW, to communicate with you about case management and care coordination and to communicate with you about treatment alternatives.
- Medical West Directory. We may include certain limited information about you in the MW directories while you are a patient at MW. This information may include your name, location in MW, your general condition (e.g., fair, stable, etc.) and your religious affiliation. The directory information, except for your religious affiliation, may also be released to people who ask for you by name. This is so your family, friends and clergy can visit you and generally know how you are doing.
- Business Associates. There are some services provided in MW through contracts with business associates. Examples include a copy service we use when making copies of your health record, consultants, accountants, lawyers, medical transcriptionists and third-party billing companies. When these services are contracted, we may disclose your health information to our business associate so that they can perform the job we've asked them to do. To protect your health information, however, we require the business associate to appropriately safeguard your information.
- As Required By Law. We will disclose medical information about you when required to do so by federal, state, or local law.
- Public Health Activities. We may disclose medical information about you to public health or legal authorities charged with preventing or controlling disease, injury, or disability. For example, we are required to report the existence of a communicable disease, such as tuberculosis, to the Alabama Department of Public Health to protect the health and well being of the general public. We may disclose medical information about you to individuals exposed to a communicable disease or otherwise at risk for spreading the disease. We may disclose medical information to an employer if the employer requires the healthcare services to determine whether you suffered a work-related injury.
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA). We may disclose to the FDA and to manufacturers health information relative to adverse events with respect to food, supplements, product and product defects, or post-marketing surveillance information to enable product recalls, repairs or replacement.
- Victims of Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence. We are required to report child, elder and domestic abuse or neglect to the State of Alabama.
- Health Oversight Activities. We may disclose medical information to a health oversight agency for activities authorized by law. These oversight activities include, for example, audits, investigations, inspections and licensure. These activities are necessary for the government to monitor the health care system, government programs, and compliance with civil rights laws.
- Lawsuits and Disputes. If you are involved in a lawsuit or a dispute, we may disclose medical information about you in response to a court or administrative order. We may also disclose medical information about you in response to a subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process by someone else involved in the dispute, but only if efforts have been made to tell you about the request or to obtain an order protecting the information requested. We may disclose medical information for judicial or administrative proceedings, as required by law.
- Law Enforcement. We may release medical information for law enforcement purposes as required by law, in response to a valid subpoena, for identification and location of fugitives, witnesses or missing persons, for suspected victims of crime, for deaths that may have resulted from criminal conduct and for suspected crimes on the premises.
- Coroners, Medical Examiners and Funeral Directors. We may release medical information to a coroner or medical examiner. This may be necessary, for example, to identify a deceased person or determine the cause of death. We may also release medical information about patients of the hospital to funeral directors as necessary to carry out their duties.
- Organ and Tissue Donation. If you are an organ donor, we may use or release medical information to organizations that handle organ procurement or other entities engaged in procurement, banking or transportation of organ, eye or tissue to facilitate organ or tissue donation and transplantation.
- To Avert a Serious Threat to Health or Safety. We may use and disclose medical information about you when necessary to prevent a serious threat to your health and safety or the health and safety of the public or another person. Any disclosure, however, would only be to someone able to help prevent the threat.
- Military and Veterans. If you are a member of the armed forces, we may release medical information about you as required by military command authorities. We may also release medical information about foreign personnel to the appropriate foreign military authority.
- National Security and Intelligence Activities. We may release medical information about you to authorized federal officials for intelligence, counterintelligence, and other national security activities authorized by law.
- Protective Services for the President and Others. We may disclose medical information about you to authorized federal officials so they may provide protection to the President, other authorized persons or foreign heads of state or conduct special investigations.
- Workers' Compensation. We may release medical information about you for worker's compensation or similar programs. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness.
- Inmates or Individuals in Custody. If you are an inmate of a correctional institution or under the custody of a law enforcement official, we may release medical information about you to the correctional institution or law enforcement official.
- Other uses and disclosures. Any other uses and disclosures will be made only with your written authorization.
YOUR RIGHTS REGARDING MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU
Although all records concerning your hospitalization obtained at MW are the property of MW, you have the following tights regarding medical information we obtain about you:
- Right to Inspect and Copy. You have the right to inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about your care. Usually this includes medical and billing records, but does not include psychotherapy notes. To inspect and copy medical information that may be used to make decisions about you, you must submit your request in writing to the Medical West Director of Health Information at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022. If you request a copy of the information, we may charge a fee for the costs of copying, mailing or other supplies associated with your request. We may deny your request to inspect and copy in certain very limited circumstances. If you are denied access to medical information, you may request that the denial be reviewed. Another physician chosen by MW will review your request and the denial. The person conducting the review will not be the person who denied your request. We will comply with the outcome of the review.
- Right to Amend. If you feel that medical information we have about you is incorrect or incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. You have the right to request an amendment for as long as the information is kept by or for the hospital. To request an amendment, your request must be made in writing and submitted to the Medical West Director of Health Information at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022. In addition, you must provide a reason that supports your request. We may deny your request for an amendment if it is not in writing or does not include a reason to support the request. In addition, we may deny your request if you ask us to amend information that:
- Was not created by us, unless the person or entity that created the information is no longer available to make the amendment;
- Is not a part of the medical information kept by or for the hospital;
- Is not a part of the information which you would be permitted to inspect or copy; or
- Is accurate and complete.
- Right to an Accounting of Disclosures. You have the right to request an 'accounting of disclosures'. This is of certain disclosures we made of medical information about you. To request this list or accounting of disclosures, you must submit your request in writing to the Medical West Director of Health Information at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022. Your request must state a time period that may not be longer than six years and may not include dates before April 14, 2003. Your request should indicate in what form you want the list (for example, on paper, electronically). The first list you request within a 12 month period will be free. For additional lists, we may charge you for the costs of providing the list. We will notify you of the cost involved and you may choose to withdraw or modify your request at that time before any costs are incurred.
- Right to Request Restrictions. You have the right to request a restriction or limitation on the medical information we use or disclose about you for treatment, payment or health care operations. You also have the right to request a limit on the medical information we disclose about you to someone who is involved in your care or the payment for your care, such as a family member or friend. For example, you could ask that we not use or disclose information about a surgery you had. We are not required to agree to your request. If we do agree, we will comply with your request unless the information is needed to provide emergency treatment. To request restrictions, you must make your request in writing to the Medical West Privacy Officer at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022.. In your request, you must tell us (1) what information you want to limit; (1) whether you want to limit our use, disclosure or both; and (3) to whom you want the limits to apply, for example, disclosures to your spouse.
- Right to Request Confidential Communications. You have the right to request that we communicate with you about medical matters in a certain way or at a certain location. For example, you can ask that we only contact you at work or by mail. To request confidential communications, you must make your request in writing to the Medical West Privacy Officer at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022. We will not ask you the reason for your request. We will accommodate all reasonable requests. Your request must specify how or where you wish to be contacted.
- Right to Revoke Authorization. You have the right to revoke your authorization to use or disclose your medical information except to the extent that action has already been taken in reliance on your authorization.
- Right to a Paper Copy of This Notice. You have the right to a paper copy of this notice. You may ask us to give you a copy of this notice at any time. Even if you have agreed to receive this notice electronically, you are still entitled to a paper copy of this notice. You may obtain a copy of this notice at our website, www.medicalwesthospital.org.or you may contact the Medical West Privacy Officer at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022.
CHANGES TO THIS NOTICE
We reserve the right to change this notice. We reserve the right to make the revised or changed notice effective for medical information we already have about you as well as any information we receive in the future. We will post a copy of the current notice in MW facilities. The notice will contain on the first page the effective date. In addition, each time you visit MW to receive services, you may request a copy of the current notice in effect.
FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO REPORT A PROBLEM
If you have questions and would like additional information, you may contact the Medical West Privacy Officer at 995 9th Avenue SW, Bessemer, AL 35022.. If you believe your privacy rights have been violated, you may file a complaint with the Medical West Privacy Officer. All complaints must be submitted in writing. You will not be penalized for filing a complaint. You may also file a complaint with the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services at 1-800-356-9596.
One of the most common – and painful -- forearm fractures I see is the distal radius fracture. The radius is the larger of the two bones of the forearm. The end toward the wrist is called the distal end – hence the term, distal radius fracture.
When it comes to frequency, the radius is the arm bone folks are most likely to break. In our office, we see radius fractures in a variety of situations: if a fall causes you to land on your outstretched hands, if you are in a car or bicycle accident, a fall from a horse – the list is more like a scroll that rolls to the ground and then some.
Chief Operating Officer (COO)
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